Parameters of python| function

parameters python function


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Preface

When defining a function , We just need to determine the name and location of the parameter , The interface definition of the function is finished .


Positional arguments

stay power(x) in ,x This is the position parameter , Calling this parameter has and only one parameter

seek x² Function of , The code is as follows :

>>>def  power(x):

return x * x

When there are multiple parameters , take power(x) Change it to power(x,n), It includes two parameters x and n, And both parameters are positional parameters , When you call a function , The two values passed in are assigned to the parameter in order of position x and n

seek x Of n Power , The code is as follows :

>>>def power(x, n):

     s = 1

     while n > 0:

         n = n - 1

         s = s * x

     return s


Default parameters

1、 Because we often calculate x², So we can take the second parameter n The default value of is set to 2, namely n=2 Is the default parameter

>>>def power(x, n=2):

     s = 1

     while n > 0:

         n = n - 1

         s = s * x

     return s

When n>2 when , You need clear input n Value , Such as :power(x,100)

2.、 When setting default parameters , There are two points to pay attention to :

First, the required parameters are in front of , The default parameter is after .

The second is how to set the default parameters : When a function has more than one parameter , Put the variable parameters ahead , Change small parameters behind . The parameter with small change can be used as the default parameter .


Variable parameters

Variable parameter is that the number of parameters passed in is variable

When we determine the input parameters , The code is as follows :

>>>def calc(numbers):

     sum = 0

     for n in numbers:

         sum = sum + n * n

return sum

>>> calc([1,2,3])

14

When we change the parameter to a variable parameter , The code is as follows :

def calc(*numbers):

     sum = 0

     for n in numbers:

         sum = sum + n * n

     return sum

>>>calc(1,2)

5

 


 

                                                               


END


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