Python simulation login Taobao

Pig brother 66 2020-11-13 07:32:33
python simulation login taobao


Recently, I want to climb some of Taobao's products , However, if you want to use search and other functions, you need to log in , So I came up with an article to simulate the login of Taobao !
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Taobao series tutorial :

  • Chapter one :Python Simulated Login Taobao , Explain in detail how to use requests Library login Taobao pc End .
  • Second articles : Taobao auto login 2.0, newly added Cookies serialize , Teach you how to cookies Save up .
  • Third articles :Python Take Taobao condom , Teach you how to climb Taobao pc End product information .
  • Fourth articles :Python analysis 2000 A condom , How to do data analysis and draw conclusions .

Taobao complete series above ,vx Scan the QR code below the code , Focus on vx official account : Naked pigs reply : TaoBao You can get the tutorial and source code !
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I read a lot about simulated Login on Taobao , But it's basically using scrapy、pyppeteer、selenium Wait for the library to simulate login , But we haven't talked about these libraries yet , Just about requests library , Let's use it today requests Library simulation login Taobao

Talk about analog login before Taobao , Let's review the previous use of requests Database simulation login Douban and Sina weibo The process of : This kind of simulated Login is a relatively simple login , Just upload and verify the user name and password at the time of login request , That is to say, one step in place !

And Taobao login is more complex , Why is it complicated ? Because Taobao login There are many parameters involved And Ask more than once ! Let's talk about the process of Taobao login first , First, understand the process principle , Go ahead and type the code , It's easy for everyone to understand !

One 、 Taobao login process

For your understanding , Brother pig drew a non-standard Taobao login request sequence diagram
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TaoBao ua Parameters :ua(User-Agent) So it's called user agent , Taobao's ua Parameters are added to the browser 、ip、 The computer 、 Time and other information , And then encryption is generated , Use... In many places , It's not just logging in !

Above is a more detailed flow chart , Considering from the code level, brother pig divides the simulated Login to Taobao into the following four steps

  1. After entering the user name , The browser will ask Taobao (taobao.com) To launch a post Request , Determine whether the slider verification appears !
  2. After the user enters the password , Browser to Taobao (taobao.com) Launch another post request , Verify that the username and password are correct , If it is correct, return a token.
  3. Browser holding token Go to Alibaba (alibaba.com) In exchange for st code !
  4. Browser access st After a yard , Hold st Code acquisition cookies, Login successful

Some students may ask questions here : Why Taobao (taobao.com) After the verification is passed, you need to take token Go to Alibaba (alibaba.com) In exchange for st Yard ? Let's talk about this later !
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Two 、 Simulated Login implementation

We only talked about the login process , Here, brother pig will first explain the operation of each step in detail , Then paste out the implementation code !

1. Determine if a verification code is needed

At present, when we log in to Taobao , In most cases, the slider verification code will not appear , Piggy tried to log in and out many times, but only once in the middle , What controls whether the slider verification code is needed ?
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As can be seen from the above figure , When pig enters the user name ( It must be a mobile phone number ) after , The browser will launch a post request , To verify whether the slider verification code needs to appear , If you return true, The slider verification code appears ! Otherwise, it will not appear , In general, it will not appear !

We can see in the picture this time post The request uploads two parameters :username、ua

Brother pig said before ua For browsers 、ip、 Device information and other multi information encryption parameters , So brother pig guesses whether the verification code of Taobao appears not only from the account point of view , also ip、 Equipment etc !

for instance : A device may have a large number of accounts logged in , At this time, Taobao can start from ua Parameter to get the device number , Then limit the device !

After knowing the process and request links and parameters , We can use code to request !
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2. Verify username and password

Here is the first step in the above sequence diagram 5 Step : Request login , The user name will be 、ua Parameters 、 Encryption password, etc 30 A dozen parameters post To Taobao (taobao.com) To verify .
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Let's implement it in code , Don't be frightened by so many parameters , It's all copied from the browser !
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Look at the result of the request !
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You can see the application st Code link with a token, Specifically token What is it for? Let's analyze it later !

3. apply st code

We have applied to Taobao (taobao.com) Of token, This step is to use token In exchange for st code .

Many people here may have questions : Why is Taobao so troublesome to log in ? Directly in taobao.com Login is OK ? Why do you have to be first in taobao Verify username and password , Go to... After passing alibaba.com Exchange for st Code login ?

The framework of any company is the result of a gradual evolution , I think the initial Taobao login is not so complicated . But as Alibaba grows , Many business lines are divided , But these business lines are related , Such as user After logging into the Taobao account, tmall doesn't need to log in anymore ?( Note that Taobao and tmall's top-level domains are different , So we can't share cookis) To solve this problem , Single sign on And that's what happened .

Single sign on (Single Sign On), Referred to as SSO, Is one of the more popular enterprise business integration solutions .SSO Is defined in multiple application systems , Users only need to log in once to access all mutual trust application systems . —— Baidu Encyclopedia

Many large enterprises almost do single sign on , Alibaba's single sign on system must be the parent company Alibaba (alibaba.com) Here we go , All subsidiaries call the parent company interface !

We will come back to analyze why Taobao login is so complicated : User data is here on Taobao , So we need to Taobao now (taobao.com) Verify user name and password , Verify by generating a token, Browser holding token Go to Alibaba (alibaba.com) Apply for single sign on code (st code ), Alibaba received a request to verify token Pass and return st code , So use token in st The reason for the code is single sign on !

After understanding the design principles , Code implementation is very clear !
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4. Use st Code login

Succeed in getting st After the code, we can log in , This step is through st Code to get the login cookies.
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Here we have simulated the success of Taobao login !

5. Get Taobao's nickname

In fact, we have successfully logged into Taobao and returned the link to the user's home page , In order to further verify the login success , Just ask for Taobao's user homepage , By the way, take out Taobao's nickname !
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3、 ... and 、 summary

Let's summarize a little after the whole talk , Mainly from The code structure and The problem is Two aspects :

1. The code structure

To release a code structure diagram , Let us have an intuitive understanding of
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This is the four steps of simulated Login Taobao that we mentioned earlier , But here we are using code to realize !

2. Existing problems

Before writing this tutorial, brother pig also learned about it on the Internet , Then I use the browser and the bag grabbing tool (Charles) Step by step practice , The most important thing is that you first need to understand the general process of Taobao login , Otherwise, you will be confused in actual operation , Let's talk about the current problems and existing problems

  1. The first problem is to unlock Taobao's slider , at present requests There's no good way to crack it , After introducing some crawler frames, let's break them !
  2. Brother pig tried many times (50 More than once ) There is no slider verification code for login and exit .
  3. Someone on the Internet uses an agent ip, It's no use here , As long as you're not super super super frequent and crawling a lot of data , In general, big factories are not very good at sealing ip, Because there is a wide range of injury rate and influence users , Maybe one is the whole community .
  4. When verifying the user name and password in the second step , Uploaded near 30 Parameters , If you put username、ua、 You can try to copy the encrypted password to verify it or not 30 Change one parameter to... In your browser !
  5. There is an occasional mistake in step 3 and step 4 , Just try again !

See here is not feeling Taobao analog login on a lot of clear , Interested students can collect and forward , Try it on your own at weekends . Conquer Taobao login , Other logins are relatively simple !

Access to the source code ,vx Scan the qr code below , Focus on vx official account 「 Naked pigs 」 reply : Simulated Login Taobao Can get !
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版权声明
本文为[Pig brother 66]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢

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