Writing Spring Festival couplets in Python: expressing the most sincere wishes and the best wishes

Tianyuan prodigal son 2020-11-13 09:53:04
writing spring festival couplets python

1. Preface

Spring festival couplet is one of the most connotative elements in Chinese traditional culture , It's neat and neat 、 Simple and exquisite words depict beautiful images , Express good wishes , It is a unique literary form in China , It is an important custom of Chinese New Year . During the Spring Festival , Whether in the city or in the countryside , Every family should select a red couplet and paste it on the door , For old , To increase the festive atmosphere of the festival . According to the research , This custom originated in Song Dynasty , Prosperous in Ming Dynasty . The earliest spring couplets that can be found are “ Three suns start to spread , The fourth preface begins ”, It was first found in the cultural relics unearthed in the Sutra cave of Mogao Grottoes , Liu Qiuzi of the Tang Dynasty is the author of the couplet , It was written in the eleventh year of the new year ( A.D. 723 year ).
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Programmers of our time , Most of them are just plain , I can't write very well . However , Yearning for a better life , That's no less than the literati . With the help of code , We can also write beautiful Spring Festival couplets , We can also send our best wishes and best wishes to our family, neighbors, friends and colleagues .
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below , I'll show you , How to use Python Write spring couplets , The whole code is about 70 That's ok . The fonts used in the code are all from the network , total 1550 A common Chinese character . If there is any infringement , I will immediately stop the service and delete .

2. Modules that need to be imported in the code

import io
from PIL import Image
import numpy as np
import requests

3. Download Fonts

def get_word(ch, quality):
""" Get a single Chinese character ( character ) Pictures of the
ch - A single character or alphabet ( Only uppercase )
quality - Word resolution ,H-640 Pixels ,M-480 Pixels ,L-320 Pixels
fp = io.BytesIO(requests.post(url='http://xufive.sdysit.com/tk', data={
im = Image.open(fp)
w, h = im.size
if quality == 'M':
w, h = int(w*0.75), int(0.75*h)
elif quality == 'L':
w, h = int(w*0.5), int(0.5*h)
return im.resize((w,h))

4. Download the background map of dragon and Phoenix

def get_bg(quality):
""" Get a picture of the spring festival couplet background """
return get_word('bg', quality)

5. Spring Festival couplets

def write_couplets(text, HorV='V', quality='L', out_file=None):
""" Spring Festival couplets
text - The content of Spring Festival couplets , Break lines with spaces
HorV - H- Horizontal row ,V- Vertical row
quality - Word resolution ,H-640 Pixels ,M-480 Pixels ,L-320 Pixels
out_file - Output file name
usize = {
'H':(640,23), 'M':(480,18), 'L':(320,12)}
bg_im = get_bg(quality)
text_list = [list(item) for item in text.split()]
rows = len(text_list)
cols = max([len(item) for item in text_list])
if HorV == 'V':
ow, oh = 40+rows*usize[quality][0]+(rows-1)*10, 40+cols*usize[quality][0]
ow, oh = 40+cols*usize[quality][0], 40+rows*usize[quality][0]+(rows-1)*10
out_im = Image.new('RGBA', (ow, oh), '#f0f0f0')
for row in range(rows):
if HorV == 'V':
row_im = Image.new('RGBA', (usize[quality][0], cols*usize[quality][0]), 'white')
offset = (ow-(usize[quality][0]+10)*(row+1)-10, 20)
row_im = Image.new('RGBA', (cols*usize[quality][0], usize[quality][0]), 'white')
offset = (20, 20+(usize[quality][0]+10)*row)
for col, ch in enumerate(text_list[row]):
if HorV == 'V':
pos = (0, col*usize[quality][0])
pos = (col*usize[quality][0],0)
ch_im = get_word(ch, quality)
row_im.paste(bg_im, pos)
row_im.paste(ch_im, (pos[0]+usize[quality][1], pos[1]+usize[quality][1]), mask=ch_im)
out_im.paste(row_im, offset)
if out_file:

6. The test sample

6.1 celebrate Celebrate the Spring Festival

text = ' celebrate Celebrate the Spring Festival '
write_couplets(text, HorV='V', quality='M', out_file=' celebrate .jpg')

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6.2 At the end of the year, every year is like a song From winter to spring, spring is like painting

text = ' At the end of the year, every year is like a song From winter to spring, spring is like painting '
write_couplets(text, HorV='H', quality='M', out_file=' Every year is like a song .jpg')

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6.3 In the world, there are hundreds of beauties You are the only one I love

text = ' In the world, there are hundreds of beauties You are the only one I love '
write_couplets(text, HorV='H', quality='M', out_file=' Place of love .jpg')

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I'm running for election 2019 year CSDN Blog star total selection . Now that you've read it all , Just give it to 168 No.1 blogger Tian Yuan, the prodigal son, threw in 5 Tickets , thank you !

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本文为[Tianyuan prodigal son]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢

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