Python ORM - pymysql&sqlalchemy

Ten hair 2021-01-21 06:45:16
python orm pymysql&sqlalchemy pymysql sqlalchemy

Python3 Mainly object-oriented coding style , Access to the database can also use ORM Framework to achieve object-oriented , In this paper, pymysql and sqlalchemy

Installation of components

pip3 install pymysql
pip3 install sqlalchemy

Define data objects

  • user Table structure
`name` varchar(64) NOT NULL,
`age` int DEFAULT NULL,
`deleted` int DEFAULT '0',
UNIQUE KEY `uk_name` (`name`),
KEY `idx_age` (`age`),
KEY `idx_name_age` (`name`,`age`)
  • User object
# coding=utf-8
from sqlalchemy import Column, String, Integer
from sqlalchemy.ext.declarative import declarative_base
# Create the base class of the object :
Base = declarative_base()
# Definition User object :
class User(Base):
# Name of table :
__tablename__ = 'user'
# The structure of the table :
id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
name = Column(String)
age = Column(Integer)
deleted = Column(Integer)
def __str__(self):
return "id: {}, name: {}, age: {}, deleted: {}" \
.format(,, self.age, self.deleted)


Create data

# Create record
tenmao = User(name = 'tenmao', age = 100)

Update data

Query data

  • Query a piece of data
# coding=utf-8
from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from sqlalchemy.orm import sessionmaker
from model.user import User
# Database configuration
db_user = 'maibao'
db_password = 'maibao123'
db_host_port = ''
# Initialize database connection :
engine = create_engine(
# establish DBSession type :
DBSession = sessionmaker(bind=engine)
# establish Session:
session = DBSession()
# establish Query Inquire about ,filter yes where Conditions , Last call one() Back to the only line , If the all() Then return to all lines :
user = session.query(User).filter(
# Print type and object of name attribute :
# close Session:
  • Query all the data
# Query all User
users = session.query(User).all()
print("there are {} users".format(len(users)))
  • filter
# Conditions of the query
users = session.query(User)\
.filter( == 'timxia')\
.filter(User.age < 10)\
print("there are {} users for given condition".format(len(users)))

common problem

  • sqlalchemy.exc.InvalidRequestError: SQL expression, column, or mapped entity expected - got '<class 'model.user.User'>' Entity table needs inheritance declarative_base()
Base = declarative_base()
class User(Base):
  • Creation or modification is not in effect

Because no submission , Need to call commit Method session.commit()

Reference resources

Participation of this paper Tencent cloud media sharing plan , You are welcome to join us , share .

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